About My Work

With an academic background in critical theory and political philosophy, I approach beekeeping and ecology more broadly from a less traveled perspective.  Much of the work in progress regarding pollinators and their habitat looks through the lens of so-called hard sciences such as entomology.  While these studies are vital, they provide only a partial view of a complex situation and require support from other fields as we strive towards a totality of theory and practice. 

My work falls into three main categories: fieldwork with North Coast Apiaries and the Perone hive, critique of contemporary beekeeping, and research into how we can incorporate apiculture into a larger and more sustainable ecological domain.  These three categories are not distinct in practice, but fully integrated residing at that loosely defined articulation between critical theory and ecology.

 
 
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North Coast Apiaries

I founded North Coast Apiaries in 2016 as North America's first and sole research organization dedicated to the practice of PermApiculture.  PermApiculture is a form of non-invasive, sustainable beekeeping coined by Argentinian master apiarist Oscar Perone and involves the use of his hive design, known as the Perone hive.  Mr. Perone writes that this "is a system of beekeeping designed to imitate the bees' habitat in nature as closely as possible."  We build our hives by hand and contract with local, organic or biodynamic farms to research the viability of this hive along the northern California coast.  For more information please visit: www.permapiculture.com.


A Critical Approach

I view beekeeping as a practice and industry in crisis.  Beyond external factors such as colony collapse disorder, mites and diseases, and habitat destruction and degradation, beekeeping suffers internal crises as well.  It is time beekeepers thought deeply about what it means to keep bees in the first place.  The relationship between humans and honey bees is indeed a long one, but now we sit at a crossroads in regards to how we view this practice in light of changing environmental and ecological conditions.  Space must be made for native bees and other pollinators, restraint must be exercised in propagating honey bee colonies, and our entire philosophy on beekeeping must be subjected to healthy and dynamic critique.  In short, we must move beyond the honey bee as a commodity.

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Beyond Beekeeping

One fatal issue with modern industrial beekeeping is ironically its focus on the honey bee.  The honey bee is the world's most studied insect and yet, in spite of generations of intense research into this tiny creature, we cannot provide adequate theories to grasp the difficulties at hand.  In contrast, it is simplistic but accurate to state that the honey bee is integrally tied to the flower, the flower to the top soil, and the top soil to the watershed.  Thinking of the honey bee in isolation, then, betrays its life-world and encourages short-term solutions to larger complex problems.  We must broaden our scope of research to strive towards a totality of theory encompassing not only the bee itself, but its neighboring creatures, habitat, and finally, ourselves.